Grapes grow practically everywhere in France. In fact, there are wine-producing areas throughout most of the country. Planted among the 750,000 hectares of vineyards are around 200 varieties of grapes. Some are household names such as Sauvignon Blanc and Pinot Noir while others such as Melon de Bourgogne and Mourvèdre aren’t quite as familiar. More than the variety of grape, French wine is about the terroir. This term describes the soil conditions, climate and altitude – all fundamental factors in the ultimate bouquet and taste of the wine.